Objectives: We aimed to examine the incidence and disease course of late-onset multiple sclerosis (LOMS) compared with adult-onset MS (AOMS) in our clinic cohort, stratified based on gender and race, since both have been reported as important mode outcomes in MS.
Methods: Patients with LOMS and AOMS were compared in terms of demographic characteristics and disease course characteristics. Combined effects were investigated with a logistic regression model. Time from disease onset to sustained Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of 6 was investigated using an extension of log-rank test appropriate for interval-censored data.
Results: About 8% of 4273 patients studied had an onset of MS after the age of 50 years (Late Onset MS) and 1.3% experienced an onset after age 60. Progressive onset was more common in Late-onset MS relative to adult onset MS. The proportion of women with progressive-onset disease was similar in AOMS and LOMS. Time to EDSS 6 was slower in adult onset MS females compared with males; however, it was similar between males and females in the late onset MS group.
Conclusions: Women with Late Onset MS have a different trajectory in terms of disease progression than women with young adult disease onset MS.