Epub: Wolf et al. Consequences of Administration of VLA-4 Antagonist CDP323 to Multiple Sclerosis Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blind Phase 1/2 Study. PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e58438. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058438.
BACKGROUND: Lymphocyte inhibition by antagonism of α4 integrins is a validated therapeutic approach for relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS).
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of CDP323, an oral α-integrin inhibitor, on lymphocyte biomarkers in RMS.
METHODS: Seventy-one RMS subjects aged 18-65 years with Expanded Disability Status Scale scores ≤6.5 were randomized to 28-day treatment with CDP323 100 mg twice daily (bid), 500 mg bid, 1000 mg once daily (qd), 1000 mg bid, or placebo.
RESULTS: Relative to placebo, all dosages of CDP323 significantly decreased the capacity of lymphocytes to bind vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and the expression of α-integrin on VCAM-1-binding cells. All but the 100-mg bid dosage significantly increased total lymphocytes and naive B cells, memory B cells, and T cells in peripheral blood compared with placebo, and the dose-response relationship was shown to be linear. Marked increases were also observed in natural killer cells and hematopoietic progenitor cells, but only with the 500-mg bid and 1000-mg bid dosages. There were no significant changes in monocytes. The number of samples for regulator and inflammatory T cells was too small to draw any definitive conclusions.
CONCLUSIONS: CDP323 at daily doses of 1000 or 2000 mg induced significant increases in total lymphocyte count and suppressed VCAM-1 binding by reducing unbound very late antigen-4 expression on lymphocytes.
CDP323 is an oral pill that aimed to mimic Tysabri. Whilst it may have looked like it was trapping cells in the blood,just like tysabri, but because of poor efficiently in studies, I believe the development of this drug was terminated in around 2009. According to clinical trials.gov this study was completed in 2009.