Epub: Gold et al. Daclizumab high-yield process in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (SELECT): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2013 Apr 3. pii: S0140-6736(12)62190-4. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)62190-4.
BACKGROUND: Daclizumab, a humanised monoclonal antibody, modulates interleukin-2 signalling by blocking the α subunit (CD25) of the interleukin-2 receptor. We assessed whether daclizumab high-yield process (HYP) would be effective when given as monotherapy for a 1 year treatment period in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial at 76 centres in the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, India, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, and the UK between Feb 15, 2008, and May 14, 2010. Patients aged 18-55 years with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis were randomly assigned (1:1:1), via a central interactive voice response system, to subcutaneous injections of daclizumab HYP 150 mg or 300 mg, or placebo, every 4 weeks for 52 weeks. Patients and study personnel were masked to treatment assignment, except for the site pharmacist who prepared the study drug for injection, but had no interaction with the patient. The primary endpoint was annualised relapse rate. Analysis was by intention to treat. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00390221.
INTERPRETATION: Subcutaneous daclizumab HYP administered every 4 weeks led to clinically important effects on multiple sclerosis disease activity during 1 year of treatment. Our findings support the potential for daclizumab HYP to offer an additional treatment option for relapsing-remitting disease.
“The following are my slides from ECTRIMS last year and the AAN this year; these show the extension study results.”