Patterns changing depression

P
Ensari I, Motl RW, McAuley E, Mullen SP, Feinstein A. Patterns and predictors of naturally occurring change in depressive symptoms over a 30-month period in multiple sclerosis.Mult Scler. 2013 Sep  [Epub ahead of print]

BACKGROUND:Depressive symptoms are common in multiple sclerosis (MS), yet there is little information about the pattern and predictors of changes in depressive symptoms over time.
OBJECTIVE:We examined changes in depressive symptoms over a 30-month period and the demographic, clinical and behavioral predictors of such changes in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS).
METHODS:269 persons with RRMS completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and a demographic/clinical scale, Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ) and Patient Determined Disease Steps (PDDS) scale every 6 months over a 30-month period. Data were analyzed using latent class growth modeling (LCGM).
RESULTS:LCGM identified a two-class model for changes in HADS depression scores over time. Class 1 involved lower initial status (i.e. fewer depressive symptoms) and linear decreases in depressive symptoms over time (i.e. improving HADS scores), whereas Class 2 involved higher initial status (i.e. more depressive symptoms) and linear increases in depressive symptoms over time (i.e. worsening HADS scores). LCGM further indicated that being older (OR = 2.46; p < .05), married (OR = 2.62; p < .05), employed (OR = 4.29; p < .005) and physically active (OR = 2.71; p < .05) predicted a greater likelihood of belonging to C1 than C2.
CONCLUSIONS:Depressive symptoms change over time in persons with RRMS, and the pattern of change can be predicted by modifiable and non-modifiable factors.

Being older (twice more likely) married (twice more likely), employed (4 times more) and physically active (3 times more likely)  to have less depression. I guess this is predictable

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