CD4(+) T cells are involved in the development of autoimmunity, including multiple sclerosis (MS). Here we show that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) blocks experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a mouse model of MS, by inducing immune homeostasis through CD4(+)IFNγ(+)IL-10(+) T cells and reverses disease progression by restoring tissue integrity via remyelination and neuroregeneration.
We show that NAD(+) regulates CD4(+) T-cell differentiation through tryptophan hydroxylase-1 (Tph1), independently of well-established transcription factors. In the presence of NAD(+), the frequency of T-bet(-/-) CD4(+)IFNγ(+) T cells was twofold higher than wild-type CD4(+) T cells cultured in conventional T helper 1 polarizing conditions. Our findings unravel a new pathway orchestrating CD4(+) T-cell differentiation and demonstrate that NAD(+) may serve as a powerful therapeutic agent for the treatment of autoimmune and other diseases.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide has been shown to influence the development of EAE in a number of studies this study supports those views. This study indicates that this can happen by the way if affects T cell function.