Rituximab, MS, and pregnancy

R

When we wrote

The ocrelizumab phase II extension trial suggests the potential to improve the risk: Benefit balance in multiple sclerosis.Baker D, Pryce G, James LK, Marta M, Schmierer K.Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2020 Jun 8;44:102279. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2020.102279. We suggest that the slow repopulation of memory B cells may all for a pregnancy to occur.

The the people fro rituxiland have gone through their archieves to see what they can find and they seem to support what we were sugggesting

Rituximab, MS, and pregnancy.Smith JB, Hellwig K, Fink K, Lyell DJ, Piehl F, Langer-Gould A.Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2020 May 1;7(4):e734. doi: 10.1212/NXI.0000000000000734. 

Objective To describe the safety and efficacy of rituximab (RTX) in MS and pregnancy, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 74 pregnancies among 55 women treated with RTX for MS and their offspring.

Methods We used prospectively collected information from the electronic health record at Kaiser Permanente Southern California between 2012 and 2019 of mother and baby to identify treatment history, pregnancy outcomes, and relapses.

Results Last RTX exposure before conception occurred between 1.8 and 5.2 months in 32 (49%) of 65 pregnancies and accidentally during the first trimester in 9 (12%). Among 38 live births, adverse pregnancy outcomes were as follows: 3 preterm deliveries (including 1 set of twins), 1 neonatal death (preterm twin), and 1 perinatal stroke (full-term). No stillbirths, chorioamnionitis, or major malformations were found. Fifteen (27%) women had at least one first-trimester miscarriage, of whom 8 (53%) had a history of infertility. Cumulative dose or timing of last RTX infusion was not associated with an increased risk of miscarriage. Only 2 (5.4%) women experienced relapses, one during pregnancy and the other postpartum.

Conclusion We observed no increase in adverse pregnancy outcomes compared with expected national incidence rates and remarkably little disease activity in RTX-treated women with MS, particularly when compared with periconceptional natalizumab-treated cohorts. However, larger studies are needed to fully assess the safety of RTX use before pregnancy, especially risks associated with prolonged B-cell depletion and hypogammaglobulinemia. Until these data are available, we recommend restricting RTX use before pregnancy to women who require highly effective MS treatments.

Will the makers of rituximab do the study….not with rituximab but hopefully ocrelizumab…but if they do that it could question whether it has to be given every six months…it is clear to me at least that this is not the case for every body. If they won’t do it I suspect someone else will

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MouseDoctor

2 comments

  • Thanks I find this very interesting. It’s a daily concern of mine whether to try for another baby on ocrelizumab. What is the current advised time to wait post infusion before trying?

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