B cell Science

B

If you are interested in B cells…why wouldn’t you be, here is a reference for the hard core science buff. Some reading for the weekend.

Next Generation Sequencing of Cerebrospinal Fluid B Cell Repertoires in Multiple Sclerosis and Other Neuro-Inflammatory Diseases-A Comprehensive Review.Ruschil C, Kemmerer CL, Beller L, Gabernet G, Kowarik MC.Diagnostics (Basel). 2021;11(10):1871. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics11101871.

During the last few decades, the role of B cells has been well established and redefined in neuro-inflammatory diseases, including multiple sclerosis and autoantibody-associated diseases. In particular, B cell maturation and trafficking across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has recently been deciphered with the development of next-generation sequencing (NGS) approaches, which allow the assessment of representative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and peripheral blood B cell repertoires. We perform literature research focusing on NGS studies that allow further insights into B cell pathophysiology during neuro-inflammation. Besides the analysis of CSF B cells, the paralleled assessment of peripheral blood B cell repertoire provides deep insights into not only the CSF compartment, but also in B cell trafficking patterns across the BBB. In multiple sclerosis, CSF-specific B cell maturation, in combination with a bidirectional exchange of B cells across the BBB, is consistently detectable. These data suggest that B cells most likely encounter antigen(s) within the CSF and migrate across the BBB, with further maturation also taking place in the periphery. Autoantibody-mediated diseases, such as neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and LGI1 / NMDAR encephalitis, also show features of a CSF-specific B cell maturation and clonal connectivity with peripheral blood. In conclusion, these data suggest an intense exchange of B cells across the BBB, possibly feeding autoimmune circuits. Further developments in sequencing technologies will help to dissect the exact pathophysiologic mechanisms of B cells during neuro-inflammation.

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