I have had my booster. Have you had yours.? This study indicates that if you have had immune-depletion there may be merit in boosters
Otto C, Schwarz T, Jeworowski LM, Schmidt ML, Walper F, Pache F, Schindler P, Niederschweiberer M, Krumbholz A, Rose R, Drosten C, Ruprecht K, Corman VM. Humoral immune responses remain quantitatively impaired but improve qualitatively in anti-CD20 treated patients with multiple sclerosis after three or four COVID-19 vaccinations. MedRxiv 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.08.10.22278639
Immune responses in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) on disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) have been of significant interest throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Lymphocyte-targeting immunotherapies including anti-CD20 treatments and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) modulators attenuate antibody responses after vaccination. Evaluation of cellular responses after vaccination is therefore of particular importance in these populations. In this study, we analysed CD4 and CD8 T cell functional responses to SARS-CoV-2 spike peptides in healthy controls and pwMS on five different DMTs by flow cytometry. Although pwMS on anti-CD20 and S1PR therapies had low antibody responses after both 2 and 3 vaccine doses, T cell responses in pwMS on anti-CD20 therapies were preserved after a third vaccination, even when additional anti-CD20 treatment was administered between vaccine doses 2 and 3. PwMS taking S1PR modulators had low detectable T cell responses in peripheral blood. CD4 and CD8 T cell responses to SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern Delta and Omicron were lower than to the ancestral Wuhan-Hu-1 variant. Our results indicate the importance of assessing both cellular and humoral responses after vaccination and suggest that even in the absence of robust antibody responses vaccination can generate immune responses in pwMS.
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