CategoryCauses

Beyond the B-cell

Do we have the right cell target in MS? Yes and no; we need a multicellular approach. Recently the attention in MS has been on the B-cell as if it was the holy grail of MS treatments. It is not. In several posts, over the last few weeks, I have made the case that the B-cell is important, probably as an antigen presenting cell, but it is not the ‘be all and end all’ of MS treatments. It is clear...

#MS-Selfie: infections and how to self-manage your bladder

In response to a comment from one of our readers, I am starting a series of posts called #MS-Selfie, which is derived from the term self-management. These posts are a long read but will help you manage your own MS. Over the last few weeks, many of my posts have focused on MS-specific mechanisms underlying why pwMS become disabled and how DMTs can delay, or prevent, this damage from occurring. The...

NEDADI or ‘Nee Daddy’ another treatment target beyond NEDA

Prof G do you think disability improvement is a reasonable treatment goal? NEDADI = no evident disease activity and disability improvement Two weeks ago one of my patients with PPMS, who we treated with off-label subcutaneous cladribine, came for her annual follow-up appointment. Despite being treated with cladribine over 2 years ago she has unfortunately progressed from EDSS 5.5 to 6.5. Her...

Beyond NEDA

Prof G are we being lulled into a false sense of security by being told that we have no evident disease activity (NEDA)? A patient of mine, who I have been looking after now for over 11 years, asked me in clinic a few weeks ago why despite being NEDA for 6 years, on a highly effective maintenance DMT (fingolimod), has she gone from being able to run 5-10 km to needing a stick and barely managing...

To T or not to T (2)

Prof G what happens to MS disease activity if you stimulate T-cells? About 2 years ago I attended a grand round during which a patient with a history of RRMS had had a catastrophic relapse after receiving ipilimumab for metastatic melanoma. The patient has a massive brain stem relapse and her MRI showed multiple Gd-enhancing lesions with several pseudotumoral lesions. She was in a bad way...

To T or not to T

I have always wondered why the genomic experts in the field of MS haven’t been able to sort out why specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) subtypes increase your risk of getting MS and others don’t. HLA or human leukocyte antigens are the so-called signposting proteins that antigen presenting cells (APCs) use to communicate with T-cells. The APCs continuously sample the environment...

To B or not to B

Is targeting the B-cell sufficient to get on top of MS or do we need something extra? I spoke at the MS Nurses’ MS@TheLimits2019 meeting at the Royal College of Physicians yesterday. My brief was to cover the role of B-cells in the pathogenesis of MS and to review the converging evidence that supports B-cells being the central player in the pathogenesis of MS. It is clear that depleting B...

From the horse’s mouth

The following is an online presentation from Prof. Richard Burt on their latest HSCT results. His presentation was embargoed until today. Enjoy.

When I was asked whether or not these are the most important trial results I have seen in the MS space. What do you think I said?

HSCT is highly Effective

In this study the results of a randomisation non-ablative HSCT stem cell therapy compared to current DMT and it does better. Much better This is not surprising we know that immune depleteion is effective. Effect of Nonmyeloablative Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation vs Continued Disease-Modifying Therapy on Disease Progression in Patients With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis A...

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