TagOcrelizumab

HSV-2 encephalitis with Ocrelizumab

The effect of DMTs on lymphocytes causing lymphopenia (from E Fox et al. Neuol Clin Pract Feb 2019) Why does this not come as a surprise to all and sundry, the report of a potentially harmful infection following immunosuppressive treatment, but this time from the new kid on the block, ocrelizumab (Ocrevus). Not to sound cliched, but if you hadn’t seen this one coming, well then the rest is...

The three Amigos

This week some of us with decanting to Edinburgh for the annual Association of Neurologists meeting. From an MS perspective, we will have lots to discuss including whether or not the UK MS community has the appetite to take on one, or all of these, studies. Which one do you think is the most important? The SALVAGE study, which is challenging NHS England’s DMT stopping criteria and saying...

AAN 2019 posters #2

Well, here is part deux of the 2019 AAN posters; a veritable smorgasbord of hidden gems on Market St in Philadelphia. 1. Effect of Ibudilast on Neurofilament light chain in Progressive MS Analysis from a Phase II Trial. Fox et al. Cleveland Clinic.Previous results from the SPRINT-MS study that used 80-100mg/day of Ibudilast, showed slowing of the progression in brain atrophy (i.e. volume loss) by...

Ocrelizumab’s known-unknowns

Below is the first case report of fulminant hepatitis owing to echovirus 25 in an MSers on ocrelizumab. Please note continuous anti-CD20 therapy takes out your B-cells and prevents you from forming germinal centres (where B-cells get educated to make antibodies, i.e. the B-cell’s Universities) in lymph nodes and the spleen. In other words, ocrelizumab treatment causes functional splenectomy...

Why is everyone drinking anti-CD20 kool-aid?

Prof G will ocrelizumab and rituximab prevent SPMS? Just back from the COMBAT-MS stakeholders meeting in Pasadena with the Kaiser (Kaiser Foundation Research Institute) and Swedish (Karolinska Institute) trial teams, PCORI (Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute) and many brave an wonderful people with MS and their families. The COMBAT-MS study (NCT03193866) is recruiting well and is on...

ADIOS

Yes, why can’t we use anti-CD20 therapies as an immune constitution therapy (IRT) or at least adapt the dose based on B-cell reconstitution kinetics? And if we can’t beat the Swedes why can’t we join them? ADIOS = ADaptIve Ocrelizumab dosing Study There is mounting evidence from NMO and rheumatology that anti-CD20 therapies can be used as either a maintenance therapy or an immune...

To vaccinate or not?

Should your vaccine status be checked and updated before you start treatment? As part of our programme to derisk disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for pwMS in our service, we are reviewing our vaccination policy. One issue that has emerged is the possible need to boost immunity to certain types of bacteria that are known to pose a risk in patients on long-term immunosuppression, in particular B...

What is end-organ damage?

Help! How do I manage progressive brain atrophy in a patient who is NEDA-3? End-organ damage is a catch-all phrase for the degeneration of the brain; it occurs as part of the ageing process that some consider pathological and others as a normal fact of life. I have hinted that I consider it both because end-organ damage is potentially modifiable via lifestyle modifications and pharmacological...

NEDADI or ‘Nee Daddy’ another treatment target beyond NEDA

Prof G do you think disability improvement is a reasonable treatment goal? NEDADI = no evident disease activity and disability improvement Two weeks ago one of my patients with PPMS, who we treated with off-label subcutaneous cladribine, came for her annual follow-up appointment. Despite being treated with cladribine over 2 years ago she has unfortunately progressed from EDSS 5.5 to 6.5. Her...

Beyond NEDA

Prof G are we being lulled into a false sense of security by being told that we have no evident disease activity (NEDA)? A patient of mine, who I have been looking after now for over 11 years, asked me in clinic a few weeks ago why despite being NEDA for 6 years, on a highly effective maintenance DMT (fingolimod), has she gone from being able to run 5-10 km to needing a stick and barely managing...

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